Month: August 2019
Left: the light falls on the opaque paint layer as a plane wave and little is transmitted. Right: the waveform has been shaped and clear light is transmitted: the open channels have been found. Credit: Mosk and Vellekoop. University of Twente. No matter how thick an opaque “scattering material” is, physicists have shown how to weave light through tiny open channels in the material, so that the light passes through on the other side. Explore further Materials such as white paint, paper, and milk are considered opaque because they scatter (rather than absorb) light. When light encounters these scattering materials, it undergoes sub-surface scattering, deflecting in every direction. One prime example is the blinding whiteness of freshly fallen snow, which is caused by lots of scattering light.But theorists have predicted that, no matter how disordered these opaque scattering materials are, they still contain open channels that light could conceivably fit through. In the 1980s, scientists used random matrix theory to show that thicker materials have fewer open channels, but even the thickest materials should have some channels.Now, physicists Allard Mosk and Ivo Vellekoop of the University of Twente in The Netherlands have shown how to find these open channels, and how to control the shape of incoming light waves so that they can make their way through. Until now, manipulating the light so that the open channels could actually be found has been too complex.By shaping the light waves in a specific way, the physicists could reinforce the scattering waves with each other through constructive interference, and the light waves could then travel through an open channel in the material. In their experiments, the physicists focused a laser beam onto an opaque layer of white zinc oxide (a material used by painters such as Van Gogh). With a digital camera, they measured the light emerging from the other side, and used this information to control the shape of the incoming light wave with a computerized feedback loop.To change the light wave´s shape, the scientists slowed parts of the wave with a liquid crystal display. These delayed parts interfered with other parts of the same wave, and ultimately increased the amount of light reaching the camera by at least 44% compared with the initial unshaped wave.Even when the physicists doubled the opaque layer thickness from 5.7 to 11.3 microns, they still achieved a similar increase in transmission. They calculated that a maximum transmission of two-thirds of the incoming light is possible, which matches theoretical predictions.”However thick a material is, it should be possible to create a wave that can be transmitted,” Mosk said.The ability to transmit more light through opaque scattering materials may lead to several applications, such as better medical imaging technology. Also, since electrons behave as waves in the theory of quantum mechanics, this new approach may help electrons find and move through open channels in thin wires, such as those on semi-conductor chips. Further, the research could lead to a better understanding of radio waves for mobile communication, such as improving cell phone reception and range. Mosk and Vellekoop´s study, called “Universal optimal transmission of light through disordered materials,” will be published in an upcoming issue of Physical Review Letters. It is also available at arxiv.org.via: University of Twente and ScienceNOW SLAC makes ‘electron camera,’ a world-class tool for ultrafast science, available to scientists worldwide Citation: Physicists Transmit Light through Opaque Materials (2008, August 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-08-physicists-transmit-opaque-materials.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Counterintuitive physics may help everyone drive home quicker Explore further The researchers, Chuanfei Dong, et al, from the Georgia Institute of Technology, the University of Science and Technology of China, Syracuse University, and the University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, have recently reported the results of their new intelligent traffic system, called the prediction feedback strategy (PFS). In simulations, the researchers demonstrated that PFS could control traffic flow better than three other information feedback strategies. Even if only some drivers choose to use the information, the improved strategy could help to alleviate traffic congestion and enhance the capacity of existing infrastructure.“The greatest significance of our work is that PFS can predict the future situation of roads, so then we can know what will happen and how to prevent congestion in the future,” Dong told PhysOrg.com.While intelligent traffic feedback strategies have almost always been applied to two-route systems, in this study the researchers investigated how the strategies performed in a more complex three-route scenario. In this model, drivers choose one of three routes according to real-time information feedback. The researchers then performed simulations with strategies based on previous vehicles’ overall travel times (determined at the end of the route), the average velocity of vehicles (determined at various steps of the route), or congestion of each route, which is calculated by vehicles sending their location using GPS to a control center (determined at various steps of the route). Out of these three strategies, the last one that calculates congestion has shown to be most efficient.The researchers’ new strategy, PFS, takes the congestion information from the previous strategy, but then takes another step by predicting the road situation in the future based on the current road situation. By predicting the future, PFS can overcome a lag effect that hinders the other strategies. This advantage enables PFS to accommodate an increased vehicle capacity compared to the other strategies. Although the average vehicle speed is slightly slower using PFS (since more vehicles mean lower speed), the flux (which measures a combination of average velocity and vehicle density) is largest using PFS.“In [the previous strategies], the travel time reported by a driver at the end of two routes only represents the road condition in front of him, but perhaps the vehicles behind him have gotten into the jammed state,” Dong explained. “Unfortunately, this information will induce more vehicles to choose his route until a vehicle from the jammed cluster leaves the system. This effect apparently does harm to the system. On the other hand, PFS can predict the future situation of the road and the effects to the route situation caused by the traffic jam at the end of the traffic system; therefore, the new strategy may improve the road situation.”More information: • Dong Chuan-Fei, Ma Xu, Wang Bing-Hong, and Sun Xiao-Yan. “Effects of Prediction Feedback on Multi-Route Intelligent Traffic Systems.” arXiv:0909.5202v2• Prediction feedback in intelligent traffic systems, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 388, Issue 21, 1 November 2009, Pages 4651-4657, doi:10.1016/j.physa.2009.07.018Copyright 2009 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. In the three-route system, information on a display board lets drivers know the predicted future congestion of each of the three roads, helping drivers choose the fastest route. Image credit: Dong, et al. Citation: Intelligent Traffic System Predicts Future Traffic Flow on Multiple Roads (2009, October 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-10-intelligent-traffic-future-multiple-roads.html (PhysOrg.com) — In urban areas, there’s almost always more than one way to get somewhere, but often it’s difficult to predict which road will be fastest. In an attempt to improve traffic flow and decrease congestion, researchers have been developing intelligent traffic systems that display real-time information about various roads on a display board, helping drivers make the best road choice. Until now, this information has always displayed traffic conditions from the immediate past. A new system can now predict future traffic conditions based on real-time data, giving drivers more relevant information to choose the fastest route. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Female guppies risk death to avoid sexual harassment Citation: Coevolution not healthy for the female sea monkey (2011, June 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-06-coevolution-healthy-female-sea-monkey.html Artemia urmiana Sea monkeys, or brine shrimp, lay eggs that are tough in nature and are able to survive for long periods of time. They can lay dormant for years, as in the case of a drought, and then once the water returns are then able to hatch.Looking at the Great Salt Lake in Utah, researchers collected eggs from layers that had formed in 1985, 1996 and 2007. They took these eggs back to the lab and allowed them to hatch. Keeping each generation separate, the researchers then bred the females with eggs from their generation and previous and past generations.What they discovered was that the longer the time difference between the male and female partner, the sooner the female sea monkey died. When a female from 1985 was bred with a male from 2007, her life span was cut short by as much as 12 percent.The research seems to match the idea of sexual conflict and that female shrimp are best suited to breed with their own generation. It appears males and females adapt new mating strategies through different generations and this proves deadly for the female sea monkey.The change in sexual partners from a different generation did not however seem to have an effect on the female’s reproductive success. Even though they were dying faster, they were also producing eggs at a faster rate.The one mystery still puzzling the researchers is just how the males are harming the females and shortening their lifespan. (PhysOrg.com) — In a new study titled Male-Female Coevolution in the Wild: Evidence from a Time Series in Artemia Franciscana and published in Evolution, evolutionary ecologist Nicolas Rode from the Centre for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology looked at the sexual behavior of the sea monkey and what happened when females were bred with past and future generations. More information: MALE-FEMALE COEVOLUTION IN THE WILD: EVIDENCE FROM A TIME SERIES IN ARTEMIA FRANCISCANA, Evolution, DOI: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01384.xABSTRACTSexual conflicts are ubiquitous in nature and are expected to lead to an antagonistic coevolution between the sexes. This coevolutionary process is driven by selection on sexually antagonistic traits that can either be directional or fluctuating. In this study, we used dormant cysts of Artemia franciscana, collected in the same population in three different years over a 23-year period (corresponding to ∼160 generations in this system), to investigate male-female coevolution in natural conditions over time. We performed a cross experiment study where reproduction of females mated to males from the past, present or future was monitored until death. In agreement with a model of ‘fluctuating selection’, we found that females survived better and had longer interbrood intervals when mated with their contemporary males compared to when mated with males from the future or the past. However, female weekly and lifetime reproductive successes displayed no differences between contemporary and non-contemporary matings. Finally, the coevolutionary patterns (‘arms race dynamics’ or ‘fluctuating selection dynamics’) possibly acting on female relative fitness could not be discriminated. This study is the first direct demonstration that the process of male – female coevolution, previously revealed by experimental evolution in laboratory artificial conditions, can occur in nature on a short evolutionary time scale. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further
A team of researchers at Huazhong University of Science and Technology has developed a silk protein-based gel that they claim allows for skin healing without scarring. In their paper published in the journal Biomaterials Science, the group describes their gel and how well it works. © 2018 Science X Network Journal information: Biomaterials Science This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further More information: Chao Qi et al. Sericin hydrogels promote skin wound healing with effective regeneration of hair follicles and sebaceous glands after complete loss of epidermis and dermis, Biomaterials Science (2018). DOI: 10.1039/C8BM00934A Scarring due to a skin injury is not just unsightly—for many, it can also be a painful reminder of a wound. For these reasons, scientists have sought a way to heal wounds without scarring. In this new effort, the team in China claims to have found such a solution—a sericin hydrogel.The gel used by the researchers was based on a silk protein—the researchers extracted sericin from silk fibers and then used a UV light and a photoinitiator to cross-link the protein chains. The result was a gel that adhered well to cells and did not trigger much of an immune response. The researchers note that it also has adjustable mechanical properties. They explain that the gel allows for scar-free healing by inhibiting inflammation and by promoting the development of new blood vessels. It was also found to regulate TGF-β growth factors, which resulted in stem cells being routed to the injury site allowing new skin to develop, rather than scar tissue.The researchers note that proteins found in silk have built-in bioactivity. This, they suggest, is likely because the composition of the amino acids is quite similar to that of human skin. The gel also blocks bacteria from entering a wound, which allows the wound to heal faster than it normally would.More study is required to ensure that the gel does not cause unwanted side effects, but the team is optimistic. They point out that it does a better job than anything else currently available at preventing scars from forming. They predict that their gel will one day soon be used to treat wounds in a way that is not only safe and effective, but prevents scarring. Credit: Biomater. Sci., 2018,6, 2859-2870 How does a frog heal wounded skin without scarring? Citation: Skin gel allows wounds to heal without leaving a scar (2018, November 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-skin-gel-wounds-scar.html
Cairn India on Saturday said its board of directors will meet on Sunday to deliberate on the proposed merger with Vedanta Ltd.In a BSE filing Cairn India said: “A meeting of Board of Directors of the company will be held on June 14, 2015, inter alia, to consider and evaluate amalgamation of the company with Vedanta Limited.” Meanwhile, as per sources, boards of Cairn India and Vedanta Ltd at a meeting tomorrow will consider ‘reverse’ merger aimed at cutting debt on Vedanta books as well as the share swap ratio and decide on the timelines for completion of the merger. Vedanta in 2011 acquired majority control of Cairn India for $8.67 billion. It holds 59.9 per cent in the oil explorer through its various units as of March 31. As a prelude to the merger, Vedanta had this month bought some of the shares held by Agarwal’s Twin Star Mauritius Holdings to raise its stake in Cairn India to 23.71 per cent from 18.73 per cent. Twin Star now holds 34.43 per cent in Cairn India. Vedanta may at a later date merge its other cash cows, Hindustan Zinc Ltd and Bharat Aluminium, they said.
The Delhi Commission for Women (DCW) chief Barkha Shukla Singh on Thursday called AAP leaders Kumar Vishwas and Somnath Bharti as “anti-social elements” who have no respect for women. She also said that the complaint against Vishwas has been referred to police and has not been “dropped”. “They (Kumar Vishwas and Somnath Bharti) are anti-social elements who enjoy Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal’s protection. They have no respect for women and for the Commission. I urge Chief Minister Kejriwal to take action against them,” Singh said.
PSY’s 2012 smash hit Gangnam Style had the entire world hooked. The single was one of the most watched Youtube videos of all time. To hardcore K-pop fans, though, Gangnam Style is just the tip of the iceberg. The Sunday crowd at the Siri Fort auditorium attending the Feel Korea live concert was filled with such hardcore K-pop enthusiasts as well as casual fans.The Korean Culture Centre India, the organization behind the success of the first ever K-pop concert in India, N-SONIC in 2014, promised that Feel Korea would be grander than its predecessor. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The concert had all the ingredients associated with a
Syrian state television said regime forces had captured the village of Kafr Nabuda in Hama province, where they are pressing an operation on both sides of the strategic Damascus-Aleppo highway.However, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitor said clashes were ongoing after regime forces entered the village.“Regime forces captured the southern district of Kafr Nabuda backed by more than 20 Russian air strikes,” Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman said. Also Read – Nine hurt in accident at fireworks show in French resort“The clashes are the fiercest since the Russian air campaign began on September 30.” Syrian government forces appear to be targeting the town of Khan Sheikhun, which lies on the strategic highway just across the provincial border in neighbouring Idlib.Many of Russia’s air raids so far have focused on the area where the borders of Hama, Idlib and Latakia provinces meet.Latakia province on the Mediterranean coast is a stronghold of the regime and the location of President Bashar al-Assad’s ancestral village. Also Read – Pakistan Army ‘fully prepared’ to face any challenge: Army spokesmanIdlib province is controlled by a powerful rebel alliance called the Army of Conquest which includes Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front.In recent months, the alliance has sought to expand from Idlib into Hama and the strategic Sahl al-Ghab plain between the three provinces in a bid to target Latakia.Abdel Rahman said the rebels were sending reinforcements to Kafr Nabuda to battle the regime, which was also
Kolkata: Mystery shrouds the death of a police constable whose body was found from a police outpost in Kalna with his throat slit.The incident took place on late Monday evening. According to the district police,the deceased might have committed suicide.A detailed probe is underway in this connection.It has been learnt that constable Mekhali Mandi (53), a resident of Nalhati in Birbhum, was posted at Bulbulitala police outpost under Kalna police station. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifePolice said that the deceased had gone to the kitchen of the police barrack in the evening. Sometime later, the other policemen entered the barrack and found Mandi lying in a pool of blood. They rushed him to Kalna Sub-Divisional Hospital, where the doctors pronounced him brought dead.According to the preliminary investigation, the district police suspect that Mandi had slashed his throat with a knife. The knife that he might have used while committing suicide has already been seized by the investigating officers.The family members of Mandi have demanded a high level probe into his unnatural death. They said that he might have committed suicide after failing to bear some psychological pressure. The family members also said that there may be some foul play behind his death.
What is in a queue, most Indians ask as they invent innovative ways of queue-jumping, says a new book on the most striking characteristic that literally binds the diverse nation.“People of every caste, creed, language, state, religion, province and street differ on virtually every other issue, but we all converge on this one ethos: the ethos of queue-jumping,” says V Raghunathan in his book ‘The Good Indian’s Guide To Queue Jumping’, published by HarperCollins. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAccording to him, Westerners and Indians are as different as chalk and cheese when it comes to queuing with Western queues mostly a “lifeless, boring and linear assortment of people standing somberly as if struck by life’s most extreme tragedy”.But not so with Indians. “Our average queues are full of verve and vitality, each brain in overdrive, actively evaluating all strategies to jump the queue,” he writes.“What is more, in our queues we stand really tight, unlike the Westerners, who stand apart as if the next person may be suffering from some unmentionable contagion. That is why our queues, when they exist at all, are a solid, albeit uneven, line of people with all senses on alert, rather than the relaxed and limp lines seen in the West,” he goes on to add. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive“In a nation of a billion people, there is no escaping queues. We find ourselves in one every day – whether to board the flight or if we are less fortunate to fetch water from a municipal tap. We no longer wait for years for a Fiat car or a rotary-dial phone but there are still queues that may last days, like those for school admissions. And then, there are the virtual ones at call centres in which there’s no knowing when we will make contact with a human,” the book says. Raghunathan says that no wonder the disregard for queues has also found its way into the very folklore of the nation via Bollywood when “Amitabh Bachchan growled in his bass voice in Kaalia (1981), ‘Hum jahan khade ho jaate hain, line wahin se shuru hoti hai’, saying in effect I will always jump to the head of the queue: stop me if you dare”. The objective of his book, he says, is to enhance the wisdom evolved by Indians about queue-jumping.He also touches on another important aspect related to queues professional queuers.“The basic idea of paying someone to stand as your proxy in a queue is neither terribly original nor new. Many of us have, at one time or the other, paid someone to line up on our behalf at a railway reservation counter or at the American embassy.“But these efforts can at best be described as jugaad an ad hoc way to address the queuing problem. They never evolved into a full-time entrepreneurial venture, leave alone a full-fledged corporate business, even if not listed on the stock exchange as is the case in some places,” the book says.Raghunathan terms queue-jumping in India as a troubling social phenomenon, made alarmingly ugly by the total refusal of service providers, regulators and society alike to apply their minds.“It is never on our list of foremost concerns to address. But queue-jumping is only a symptom of our larger social apathy, corrupted mindset, the wide gap between the powerful and the common folk, our innate indifference to fairness ad concern for others, and the complete denial that we have a problem in the first place.“It is a problem symptomatic of deeper ones so that it appears queue-jumping is going to be around for a very long time,” he says.He feels a weak regulatory system encourages queue-jumping in all formats, which in turn makes the enforcement of measures to curb queue-jumping increasingly more difficult.“This clearly implies that first and foremost we need to recognise that queue-jumping, especially in a country where queues are an important social reality, is a problem worthy of being tackled,” Raghunathan writes.
Whether you want to look cute, flirty or bold, don’t forget to turn up the love this Valentines day with your face. From cute chic to the bold beauty, one can try some different looks to impress their loved.Below are some easy tips on how to achieve different stylish looks for the day with few curated looks. Cute Chic look: Any guy will fall in love with a girl who is super cute and makes him go warm and fuzzy on the inside! For a cute chic look, use a cream foundation which is often the easiest to blend. Use a foundation that gives superior coverage and maintains a soft creamy matte look on the skin. Add a hint of blush to bring out some colour to your cheeks while the classic black liner can be used to create an easy, classic eye. Apply Mascara softly for an approachable style. Finish with a matte lipstick in fuchsia shade that adds a matte finish to complete your Valentine’s Day look.Bold beauty looks: Up your make-up game with a bold look for the day! Use a foundation that is super blendable, creamy and even has a mattifying core that allows your make-up to last through the humidity and busy day whilst still feeling hydrated and secure. Brows can be filled in with any brow pencil. A black liner can be put to good use for a fiercely exaggerated cat-eye liner on the upper lid and a gel pencil in lustrous sapphire on the lower lid. Not only does this look appear strong and edgy but also makes your eyes seem bigger and brighter! A waterproof mascara holds up the lashes and a nude lip colour maintains a laid back balance to the overall makeup.Flirty fun look: A playful look for your Valentine’s Day will bring out a fun vibe between you and your date! Make sure your mascara rules the day with your sexy dramatic eyes. Applying mascara to the lashes is equivalent to what good lingerie is to a girl! The mascara gives a good lift to the lashes and brings out a bold look with the use of a black liner. Use the liner in tandem to softly wing out an otherwise classic eye liner and also on the waterline. Facial tone should be evened out with the superbly creamy foundation. Complete the look with a full coat of colour sensational creamy matte lipstick in craving coral. Look gorgeous with these perfect Valentine’s Day looks and present the most confident version of yourself!
London: Dogs under the influence of “love hormone” oxytocin perceive smiling human faces as more appealing and angry faces as less threatening, a study has found. “It seems that the hormone oxytocin influences what the dog sees and how it experiences the thing it sees,” said Sanni Somppi, doctoral student at the University of Helsinki in Finland. In the study, published in the journal Frontiers in Psychology, the team showed 43 dogs images of smiling and angry faces on a computer screen. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf Each dog was tested twice: once under the influence of oxytocin which was administered as part of the test, and once without oxytocin. The dogs were found to typically focus on the most remarkable aspect of each situation, such as threatening stimuli in a frightening situation. Dogs under the influence of oxytocin were more interested in smiling faces than in angry ones. Without oxytocin, the dogs’ pupils were at their largest when they looked at angry faces, indicating that the angry faces caused the most powerful emotional reaction in them. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveHowever, once under the influence of oxytocin, the images of smiling faces enhanced the dogs’ emotional state more than angry ones, suggesting that oxytocin probably made the angry faces seem less threatening and the smiling faces more appealing. In addition, oxytocin also influenced the dogs’ emotional state, which was evident in their pupil size. “We were among the first researchers in the world to use pupil measurements in the evaluation of dogs’ emotional state. This method had previously only been used in humans and apes,” added Outi Vainio, Professor from the university.
Kolkata: There seems to be some respite in sight for South Bengal that may get the much-awaited relief from the scorching summer heat early next week as the Regional Meteorological Centre in Alipore has predicted thundershowers for a couple of days from Tuesday onwards.The Nor’wester is likely to hit various South Bengal districts on Tuesday bringing moderate rainfall accompanied with gusty winds. The entire South Bengal has been under intense heat spell for the past few days with the mercury touching 42 degree Celsius in the Western districts. A heat wave has also been sweeping through districts like Purulia, Bankura, West Burdwan, Birbhum, West Midnapore, Jhargram and East Midnapore. The poll-bound districts where elections will be held in as many as eight constituencies on Sunday may continue to burn on poll day, the MeT office warned. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”Rain and thundershowers are likely to take place in various South Bengal districts including Kolkata during the afternoon hours on Tuesday and Wednesday. Rains will push the mercury down by a few notches. People will have some respite from the excessive heat in the later half of the week,” a senior official of the Alipore MeT office said. The districts including West Burdwan, Birbhum, West Midnapore, Bankura and Purulia were among the others to have registered highest temperature on Saturday with mercury hovering over 40-43 degree Celsius. In case of other South Bengal districts, the mercury remained between 35-37 degree Celsius. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateMeanwhile, two poll personnel including a presiding officer fell ill in Bankura and East Midnapore respectively on Saturday. A polling person who went to the distribution centre at Bankura Christian College to collect the Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPATs) fell ill. He was admitted to Bankura Sammilani Hospital. On the other hand, another presiding officer also complained of heat-related discomfort at the distribution centre in East Midnapore’s Tamluk. He was taken to the Tamluk district hospital for treatment.
On January 16, 2019 in Scottsdale, Arizona the air will go super-hot after hosting an outstanding collection of American and European vintage automobiles at the annual Scottsdale Auction organized by Worldwide Auctioneers. The exquisite offer of vehicles consigned for the auction promises to really warm the temperatures up.Headlining the auction is an outstanding 1925 Bugatti Type 35A Grand Prix, an iconic pre-war racing car. When this Bugatti model was first presented in 1924, it was clear it would be an ultimate Grand Prix racing piece for years to come.1925 Bugatti Type 35A. Photo courtesy Worldwide AuctioneersCar aficionados would further praise it for its stunning visual appeal. In fact, many consider this model to be one of the most beautiful race cars ever created.The model had its debut on the race track at the 1924 French Grand Prix, hosted that year in Lyons, but the Bugatti team ended 7th. The team struggled with tire problems, however, very soon the world would learn about the real powers of this dream machine.Bugatti Type 37 (left) and 35 (right) cars at the Cité de l’Automobile Museum, Mulhouse. Photo by Gabriela Ruellan CC BY-SA 3.0The 1924 Bugatti Type 35, which did not even need supercharging to speed up thanks to its super engine, would log 351 victories and nab more than 40 records within the first two years of its production. Successive models, visually tweaked from the original, continued appearing until the early 1930s.At the January 2019 auction, a wonderful example of 1925 Bugatti Type 35A sits at Lot number 55. The hammer is predicted to fall somewhere between $1.9 and $2.4 million.Bugatti Type 35C in racing trim. Photo by Helicop~commonswiki CC BY-SA 3.0The model in question is “documented by the American Bugatti club, with a roster of former keepers that includes Louis Chiron’s patron, Fred Hoffman,” according to the Worldwide Auctioneers.Also, it was “raced in period by Bugatti concessionaire, Jean Ollivier, with competition history that includes the Provence Grand Prix,” therefore it will be no wonder if all eyes get fixed on it once the preview and sales begin in mid-January.Its meticulous documentation includes all details of its restoration, and further proof the vehicle is super functional is that it journeyed some 4,000 miles around Europe in 2017.1958 Alfa Romeo 1900 Sport.Those not so into Bugatti racing models have the opportunity to peek-a-boo at other remarkable machines consigned for the 2019 Scottsdale Auction.One of the many other gems includes a 1959 Mercedes-Benz 300SL Roadster, estimated to hit at least $1 million on auction day. With only three previous owners, it is preserved almost in its full authenticity, both on the outside and on the inside.1959 Mercedes Benz 300SL Roadster. Photo by Greg Gjerdingen CC 2.0Though this Mercedes-Benz model saw its debut in Switzerland some six decades ago, it still stands as one of the most prominent sports cars ever devised. Its appearance is avant-garde and timeless and its performances stand well even by today’s standards.This is due to the 300SL Roadster refined technical configuration, which among other parts includes its “SOHC, a fuel-injected 3.0-liter engine and improved fully-independent suspension,” writes Worldwide Auctioneers.1959 Mercedes Benz 300SL Roadster. Photo by Greg Gjerdingen CC 2.0Less than 2,000 such Mercedes-Benz sports models were released between 1957 and 1963, and ever since this car has remained an epitome of the era. As noted by the auction house: “It is one of few cars ever built that from no matter where you stand, every angle is pleasing to the eye.”Equally if not even more pleasing to the eyes of auction-goers will also be Lot number 15: a 1931 Packard 840 Deluxe Roadster, deemed as one of the best accomplishments of the Packard automobile company.The Packard automobile company released new car models that paraded the world from 1899, the year the company was founded, until 1956 when the last Packard concept car was conceived in their base in Detroit. The luxurious-looking, quiet yet powerful 840 Deluxe Roadster of their palette is expected to reach at least $300,000 on January 16th.And in case none of this catches the attention, which would be a very dull thing to say, auction-goers can opt-in between an array of other classics. Brands include vintage Alfa Romeo, Bentley, BMW, Rolls-Royce, Chevrolet and Jaguar models among others.“We are thrilled by the breadth and sheer quality of this year’s offering and very excited that some of the most significant of the many outstanding motorcars slated for the sale will be offered entirely without reserve,” said Principle and Chief Auctioneer Rod Egan in a statement.Read another story from us: The Sexiest Cars Alive – Rare Corvettes Through the AgesAll vehicles will be available to preview ahead of the auction, which begins at 5:00 pm on Wednesday, January 16th, 2019. Those in the mood for some bidding can register with an administration fee of $150 that includes two seats and a catalog for the sale. It will be a hot winter day in Arizona, for sure.
From 1979 to 1985, a television spinoff of the movie Moonrunners, starring Tom Wopat as Luke Duke and John Schneider as Bo Duke, became very popular – not for the actors but for the car used in the series. The “General Lee”, an orange/red 1969 Dodge Charger with the Confederate battle flag painted on the roof, named after the famed Confederate general, usually stole the show.The car would jump rivers, roads, hills, and other cars, and land perfectly to race off at high speeds. In reality, the jumps would damage the cars so severely that they had to be scrapped, usually at least one or two cars per episode.Dukes of Hazzard cast. Photo by Ron Galella/WireImage/Getty ImagesIn the beginning, a couple of cars were wrecked by flipping over during a jump until ballast, in the form of sand bags or concrete, was put in the trunk. It is believed, according to Road & Track, that more than 300 1969 Dodge Chargers were totaled during the run of the show, many because of bent frames from jumping.If, by some chance, a stuntman actually lost control, the film of the accident was written into the show. Because of the number of cars that were destroyed, the producers had people going through parking lots and flying over residential homes offering to buy any 1969 Dodge Chargers that were found.Dukes of Hazzard Sheriff Car. Photo by Ichabod CC BY-SA 3.0AMC Ambassadors were redone to look like Chargers for some episodes. It got to the point that 1968, 1970, and 1971 Chargers were modified to look like the 1969 version; cars that would have normally been scrapped were fixed just enough to jump them again — some even had the engine and transmission taken out and were pushed into the jump; old footage was used; and finally, some jump scenes were filmed using miniatures, which was not supported by the actors. Some of the wrecked cars were cut up for interior shots but more than 200 were crushed in junkyards.John Schneider at the 2010 Sacramento Autorama. Photo by Nick Ares CC BY-SA 2.0When the Dukes of Hazzard was canceled, there were still 18 General Lees on the CBS lot. They sat for about five years until someone had the idea of selling them off.All but one were sold to private collectors. In 2001, the original General Lee was found in a junkyard, bought and restored, and sold to a professional golfer, Bubba Watson, for over $100,000.1969 Dodge Charger Photo by Moto100 CC BY 3.0Watson displayed the car at various functions. When he announced that he would be painting over the Confederate flag on the roof, the director of the Volo Auto Museum in Illinois, Brian Grams, offered to buy the car from Watson but was turned down.Warner Bros. stopped manufacturing toy General Lees in 2015 due to the flag — once seen as a symbol of rebelliousness and a quest for independence — having gained a negative association with slavery and hatred in recent years.69 Dodge Charger. Photo by Greg Gjerdingen CC BY 2.0The creation of the battle flag was to differentiate between the two armies in battle because the actual flag of the Confederacy looked too much like the Stars and Stripes.According to Ben Jones who played “Cooter” on the show, “I think all of Hazzard Nation understands that the Confederate battle flag is the symbol that represents the indomitable spirit of independence which keeps us ‘makin’ our way the only way we know how.”Sheriff’s car from the 2005 Dukes of Hazzard movie at the shooting location off Potrero Road in Thousand Oaks. Photo by Richard E. Ellis Eeekster CC BY 3.0According to Tampa’s News Channel 8 website, John Schneider remarked “I take exception to those who say that the flag on General Lee should always be considered a symbol of racism. Is the flag used as such in other applications? Yes, but certainly not on the Dukes.”Jones has founded a chain of stores, Cooter’s Place, in Nashville and Gatlinburg, Tennessee and Luray, Virginia selling Dukes of Hazzard memorabilia, clothing, toys, and household goods as well as Confederate flags, clothing, and other items.The ‘General Lee’ on public display, one of several Dodge Charger automobiles used in the filming of the American television series, ‘The Dukes of Hazzard’, 1979-1985. Photo by Schmendrick CC BY-SA 3.0Jones also organizes events featuring the cast from the television show and the music of Tom Wopat and Whey Jennings (son of country music star Waylon Jennings). Jones is currently working on a documentary about the making of the Dukes of Hazzard television series.Read another story from us: Hellboy’s Quarter Century: 5 Fiery Facts About the Demonic Anti-HeroNo matter what your stance on the flag controversy on the car, it is impossible to deny that a 1969 Dodge Charger with the doors welded shut made quite an impact on American culture.
Advertisement The Super Bowl is the final bet of the NFL gambling season and after going 2-0 last week in the conference championship games, and Colin is ready to close out the gambling season with a big, fat cover on Sunday.Houston, we have a payday.Here’s Colin’s Super Bowl LI Blazin’ 1 pick and analysis:Super Bowl LI: New England (-3) vs. Atlanta (Under 59) – The Falcons have only been held under 360 yards twice this season, and in one of those games they still scored 32 points. Atlanta’s going to move the ball. Atlanta’s going to score. Matt Ryan has 18 touchdowns and no interceptions in his last 6 games. He’s a precision quarterback, and should be able to consistently gain small chunks of yardage against the top ranked Patriots defense. There’s a reason the Patriots are a favorite. They’re the more complete team. The Falcons are weak at corner, and don’t generate much of a pass rush after NFL sack leader Vic Beasley, Jr. The Falcons defense is schematically simple, and historically, Tom Brady has been able to shred opponents if they aren’t disguising coverage.Colin thinks Belichick will counter the high-powered Atlanta offense by slowing the game down, and maintaining long, time consuming drives by pounding LeGarrette Blount.Matt Ryan has never won a playoff game outside of Atlanta. He’s also been slightly better at home this season (26 TD, 72% Comp.), than on the road (67% Comp., 19 TD), and Matty Ice’s All-Pro center, Alex Mack, is injured and nowhere near 100%.The key matchup in the game is the inexperienced Atlanta defense versus Tom Brady. The Falcons are only the 7th team to make the playoffs after giving up over 400 points in a season. The statistics say Brady is going to methodically carve up the young, basic Falcon defense. The Falcons defense improved late in the season, but they didn’t face any elite quarterbacks. When they faced Drew Brees, a savvy elite veteran in the mold of Brady, they lost.Colin sees both teams putting points on the board, and it tightening up in the fourth quarter. Brady and Belichick pull it out in the end, again. New England covers the field goal, and barely sneaks in under the total. 31-27, Pats.Ra-jah, hand him the Trophy.
Advertisement News broke early this morning that former Patriots tight end Aaron Hernandez had apparently committed suicide in his jail cell by attaching a bed sheet to a window and hanging himself.Less than a week ago, Hernandez was acquitted of a 2012 double murder in a jury trial, and a statement by the Massachusetts Department of Correction said he showed no signs of being a suicide risk. It’s the tragic end to a tragic life that left a wake of pain and tragedy to many that entered its path.Today, Colin pointed out the Hernandez story is one filled with opportunity and second chances. His flaws were overlooked at every stage of his life because of his rare athletic ability. And with all the opportunities, he chose to throw it all away. The end of his life was unexpected, but not entirely surprising.What Colin truly finds tragic are young people who never have opportunities in life, are abused, or born into horrible circumstances they can’t overcome. They didn’t choose that. Colin Cowherd reacts to Aaron Hernandez’s apparent suicide.via @TheHerdpic.twitter.com/lyWNPoApcP— FS1 (@FS1) April 19, 2017 Hernandez made his decisions. He inflicted the pain. In the end, he died the way he lived, violently.Here’s Colin’s full reaction:He chose a life of bullying, intimidating, and violently killing people. And when you live a harsh life like that, this is sometimes the outcome.”
Jose Baez, the criminal defense attorney for Aaron Hernandez, held a news conference today to release further details of the former Patriot tight end, who committed suicide in a Massachusetts prison in April.In a press conference, Baez revealed that testing done by the Boston University C.T.E center of Hernandez’s brain showed he suffered from severe Stage 3 C.T.E.Baez also announced that a lawsuit will be filed in federal court against the NFL and the New England Patriots on behalf of Hernandez’s daughter.
Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. January 15, 2016 5 min read Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Register Now » Over the past two years, there have been a lot of new generic top-level domains (gTLDs) coming out. You see these as .names, .co, .party and thousands of others. Ever since starting a hosting company, I’ve had countless customers ask about this and why there are so many new and interesting new domains on the market. I decided I would let small business owners and entrepreneurs know what is going on in the world of domains.The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) was founded to ensure a global and standardized format for the Internet in terms of communication while providing a framework for introducing and promoting a competitive landscape for domain-name registration.Related: 4 Reasons Why You Should Ditch ‘.com’ for GoodAs more domain names were used, ICANN realized that adding a new generic top-level domain (gTLD) program would ensure that the competitive spirit would stay alive in the domain-name space. The gTLD represents a domain-name extension. Many of them are quite familiar, including .com, .net, and .org. However, as the program has continued to flourish since its introduction in 20015, many others have started to be used with the intent that there could be hundreds more in the near future.To ensure that any new gTLDs fit a set of standards, the ICANN board implemented more contractual and allocation criteria in 2008. The organization has also spent considerable time addressing certain concerns about intellectually property, domain name system (DNS) stability, consumer protection and more. In 2011, a Guidebook was approved that offers in-depth information and instruction about future gTLD registration. The respond was tremendous with ICANN receiving nearly 2,000 applications in January 2012 when registration opened. By 2013, ICANN had selected many new gTLDs that could be used going forward.A January 2015 blog post from ICANN also revealed the tremendous growth in new gTLDs. On a global scale, over nine million domain names have been registered in the new gTLD program. With hundreds of new gTLDs approved and available through a distribution network of more than 200 registrars around the world, the focus has been on how to address universal acceptance of these new TLDs and user issues.Although the pace of introduction is slow and methodical in order to ensure consistency, accuracy and high standards, there are considerable opportunities to locate a TLD that fits a business niche and identity.Related: Forget .com. Say Hello to: .bike, .app, .site — and Many More.1. TLDs become a tactical component of marketing and branding.With this evolution as a backdrop, companies are taking on the role of helping businesses and individuals leverage these new gTLDs in order to connect with their target audiences. The wealth of new gTLDs means that companies can find a domain name that more closely resembles their industry, product, cause and brand. Though some companies are skeptical on how well new TLDs perform for search engine optimization (SEO), they are becoming more and more important to brands.For consumers, the new TLDs provide the benefits of greater availability for their preferred brands as well as memorability and relevance as they search for new product and service solutions. In this way, TLDs have become marketing tools that companies are using to build awareness, generate leads, further differentiate themselves and enhance their brand image.2. Trends with TLDsAs TLDs continue to grow in popularity, new trends emerge in their use and future application. In noting some of the more recent trends with gTLDs during a third quarter earnings call, registry service provider Rightside’s CEO Taryn Naidu said, “Notably over the past few quarters, China has been the source of significant amount of registration growth. As new Chinese registrars are aggressively distributed, new gTLDs are accounting for 37 percent of total new gTLD registrations. As more and more Chinese consumers and businesses come online, this market is clearly becoming an important source of industry growth.”Another more recent trend is that global brands such as Sony, Samsung and Barclay’s are launching their own new gTLDs to further their brand efforts and stand out in the global online marketplace. Then, other company strategies like Google’s abc.xyz and Apple’s .NEWS are also prime examples of the new ways in which gTLDs are being used. It appears to be working, too, as Apple recently said it has 40 million users for its .NEWS domain.3. The evolution continues.With these results, it makes sense to predict more high-profile adoptions are to come as well as further mainstreaming as the understanding about the value and use of these new addresses grows. That means new marketing and branding strategies for companies around the world. At the same time, it appears as though ICANN will continue to re-evaluate the use of gTLDs, adding new standards that will further shape how companies identify themselves online.Related: Do’s and Don’ts of Securing a Domain Name
With all the shiny new options available for businesses, the temptation is to latch on to the trendiest tech offerings. But just as new opportunities are arising, those opportunities are also being redefined. Technology is a moving target — and should be — but that movement is challenging to businesses trying to keep up.Related: 4 Pitfalls to Avoid When Choosing Tech for Your BusinessTake chatbots for instance. “Chatbots are poised to fundamentally change the way humans interact with machines within a five-year horizon,” Matt Swanson, managing partner at Silicon Valley Software Group, wrote in VentureBeat.“The starting point will not be personal assistants, or chatbot ‘apps,’ but rather the investment that businesses make in order to drive their topline and bottomline metrics (starting with support and moving into sales/marketing),” Swanson wrote.Whether it’s chatbots or blockchain or some other emerging technology, getting started with any new tech trend is not a trivial decision. So, it’s helpful to have a basic game plan for responding to changes in the technological landscape.Let’s look at a few ways you can stay current and spend wisely when you’re seeking to leverage the best of what the newest tech has to offer.1. Get past “cool” and identify the value.Just because there’s a new gadget on the market doesn’t mean your company needs to acquire it. Instead, always look for concrete ways that it might benefit your business. Knowing how technology could accelerate your business is an art. To do it well, follow the advice of entrepreneur, speaker and futurist Nicklas Bergman.He suggests starting with asking the right questions. As Bergman wrote in Business 2 Community: “From an industry perspective, ask yourself what your competitors are doing. Are they moving in new directions? Attacking your customers in a new way?”Related: How to Choose the Right Tech Support for Your BusinessNext, see things from your customers’ point of view, taking into account their technological proclivities. For example, are they indicating a desire for AI-powered products and services? Or is your niche perhaps at a momentary standstill? Might this lull present opportunities to offer new technology that will grab customer attention?Finally, Bergman recommends exploring how a technology could cut costs or make your business more efficient, such as might occur if you implemented a solution that uses today’s AI.2. When it comes to support, hold your own hand.Although many new products come with support, don’t rely on it entirely, for two reasons.First, vendor documentation sometimes isn’t as good as it could be, and you will want to supplement it to make sure a technology is being used effectively. Second, your business’s objectives are particular ones, so having additional support that integrates technology into your context will produce the most effective results.To get this process of effective support started, designate staff to lead it and to design the necessary training events and documentation. That documentation should guide employees based on their needs at your company, not just general use, and it should be easily accessible and searchable online.Once you have your support in place, don’t let it wither. People need time to get comfortable using technology and gain momentum with it. During this transition, make sure employees aren’t getting frustrated through a failure to understand the new tech.Even after you’ve fully integrated it into your workflow, don’t leave new employees to flounder with technology that’s unfamiliar to them. By maintaining a current and well-thought-out support system, you’ll give your new technology the very best chance of benefiting your company for the long haul.3. Make sure you’re getting the expected bang for your buck.Finally, it’s important to scrutinize whether a technology is actually creating value at your company. There is a tendency to get excited about a new option at work, particularly if it is tied to a large purchase decision and commitment — and that’s understandable.But that excitement can obscure the need for a careful evaluation of how the technology is being used and what value it’s actually providing for your company.Plan how you will assess value from the start, even before you acquire the technology. That plan should include both the technical problems your teams are experiencing as well as the perceived difficulties they may be feeling. In order to gather these insights, you’ll need to conduct scheduled surveys or at least hold sessions with employees in which their feedback on using the technology is collected and later analyzed.Change is the fuel of business, and the tech world offers a bounty of opportunities to enhance your operations. This means that adopting new technologies into your business isn’t really optional.Related: 5 Vital Considerations When Choosing Your Web Hosting ServiceFortunately, by applying these few simple rules, you can assess new technology in a way that responds effectively to your team, your competitors and your customers. 5 min read Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. July 10, 2018 Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Register Now »